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What is peri-implantitis?

Peri-implantitis is an infection that develops around a dental implant. This type of bacterial infection takes hold in the bone tissue that stabilises the implant, and it can lead to loss of the implant itself.

In much the same way as occurs with periodontitis, which results in the destruction of the bone structure supporting the tooth, peri-implantitis undermines the support apparatus of the implant. Therefore, if a dental implant cases pain or moves, it is important to have it examined right away.


Causes of peri-implantitis

The cause of peri-implantitis is the presence of bacteria that results in the deterioration of the implant’s support apparatus. At first the infection affects the gums, then it moves deeper, causing resorption of the bone. Here too, as in the case of periodontitis, pockets are formed, providing sites where bacteria gather. The condition can cause pain in the area around the dental implant.

The bacterial attack can occur follow the implant procedure, when sterility protocols are not followed. Implantology is an extremely complex operation, and it must be carried out in accordance with a number of very important considerations.
We feel that it is vitally important to perform the procedure in a room used only for such operations, employing a sterile kit and respecting the international protocols of sterility. If all these steps are taken, then the probability of infection will be reduced.

Peri-implantitis can occur even after osseointegration has taken place, indeed, it can strike a number of years after the implants have been inserted. This can happen when hygiene is not given adequate attention, which is why the implants must always be kept properly cleaned.


Treating peri-implantitis

The treatment for curing peri-implantitis involves reducing the bacterial load, meaning that it can be performed either through surgical therapy or, in simpler cases, through sessions of professionally administered oral hygiene.

No matter what the technique, peri-implantitis is always difficult to treat, and so prevention is the best approach regardless. In addition to attentive daily hygiene, it is important to undergo periodic professional cleaning sessions with one’s dentist or dental hygienist, in order to remove the bacteria found in tartar.

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